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How To Take Photos With Motion Blur To Give The Illusion of Movement

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How To Take Photos With Motion Blur To Give The Illusion of Movement

A motion blur effect works really well in sports photography, giving your viewer a sense of speed and action. It is also a great standalone photographic technique for dramatizing certain kinds of scenes. You can capture the speed of a running cheetah or the streaks of light coming from speeding cars moving through the city at night. Wherever something is moving, you can get in touch with its motion by using this technique.

Slowing the shutter speed

While there are many ways to create a motion blur effect, the best way to start is by slowing down your shutter speed. When the shutter is open longer, the subject has more time to move across the frame and establish some kind of blur. Think of it this way. How far does your hand move in front of your eyes in 1/500th of a second? Okay, that’s a tough one to answer. But for contrast, ask yourself the following: How far does your hand move in front of your eyes in 3 seconds? Obviously, it’s much further. The same rule applies for cameras.

Consider your exposure

Here is another factor to consider. Every scene has different light levels. In the middle of the day with the sun shining at its peak, a lot of light will be entering your camera. The problem with slower shutter speeds is that they let more light in every time you take a picture. When it is bright and sunny outside, this can quickly lead to exceedingly bright pictures with washed out colors. In other words, it leads to overexposure. To compensate for this, you either have to close the aperture more (use a higher f-stop number), adjust ISO to a lower number, or place a light blocking filter in front of your lens.

Try shutter priority mode

All digital SLR cameras (and most Point and Shoot cameras) have a shutter priority mode that can simplify the process of slowing down the shutter speed. In shutter priority mode, you need only tell the camera the shutter speed you are looking for, and it will automatically pick an aperture and ISO for the scene you are photographing. While shutter priority mode works in a wide variety of situations, it isn’t a fix-all for every photographic scene. Your camera may have a great light metering system to help it pick the right aperture and ISO settings, or it might not. Always double check your photos after you take them to make sure they are being exposed correctly.

Getting the right blurring effect

So how slow should your shutter speed be? It all depends on the effect you are looking for. The longer you leave the shutter open, the more motion blur you will have. Images will begin to blur slightly at any shutter speed below 1/500th of a second. When you get near the 1/15th of a second range, blur will become very noticeable.

Panning, an easy way to create a sense of motion

One easy way to create a motion blur effect is to follow your subject with your camera while you are taking the photo. This is known as panning, and it creates a really cool effect. If you have picked your shutter speed correctly, and you can manage to follow your subject fast enough, your subject will appear still in the photo while everything else around it is blurred in the direction of the subject’s motion.

For everything else, a tripod is essential

All other motion blur photographs require the use of a tripod. There is simply no getting around this. When you use a slower shutter speed, everything in the frame can become blurred unless you are holding the camera perfectly still. These are known as camera shake issues. The tripod keeps the camera still while the subject moves throughout the frame, blurring only the subject while keeping the background crisp and clean. In the image to the right, the water is blurred but the background is sharp. Without a tripod, the longer shutter speed needed to make the water blur would also have caused the background to blur because of a small amount of camera shake.

One more technique

Once you have mastered all of the above techniques, try using a flash combined with a slow shutter speed. The light from the flash bounces off of your subject, making it crisp while everything around it blurs throughout the duration of the exposure. It’s perfect for parties, and very fun. You’ll be amazed at what you can do when you get creative with motion blur.

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About the Author ()

David Peterson is the creator of Digital Photo Secrets, and the Photography Dash and loves teaching photography to fellow photographers all around the world. You can follow him on Twitter at @dphotosecrets or on Google+.

Comments (22)

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  1. Gert Steyn says:

    Hi David,

    Going on pension just now and need to get some cash to live.
    going to need all your books and serious training.
    Want to do weddings birthdays and anything that comes my way.
    Please send me all the books napes and price’s so i can start learning.

    Thanks for all your tips and tricks so far really appreciate it.

  2. dang says:

    thanks for these tips, im almost there hehe more please

  3. Leonardo says:

    Excellent tips, good to have you back….!!!

  4. Frank says:

    I am having trouble getting a blur motion shot .When i set my shutter to 1/15 or lower my my meter is always off ,its showing etheir over or under exposed.and do i need to use a tripod because everything is a blur….ANY SUGGESTIONS ?

  5. Tracey says:

    Keep the tips coming… it motivates me to get my camera out and do what I love to do!

  6. veronica says:

    I am so grateful for you sharing your knowledge and wisdom with me. I have learned so much from you, you are truly an inspiration to me and so many others. May God continue to bless you.

  7. Siva Moothoo says:

    I really love the tips that you provide , it is appreciated.. I really like the tip on motion blur

  8. Happy that you are back. My students are keenly waiting for your posts. Thanks for making my Photography teaching job easy.

  9. Michele says:

    I love your tips when I have the chance to read them. I take a lot of sports pictures of my son, basketball is the toughest one. I get a lot of blurr, but I have to say I get a lot of really interesting pictures with blurr also. Some are really good. I learn most of my photography by just doing it and trying different things. Thanks I will try some of these tips with his baseball pictures of him pitching.

  10. Farshid says:

    I’m Glad your back with a new look.

  11. peggy says:

    thanks for the tips. i love photography and take tons of pics just to get a good one. i have trouble getting a good sporting shot. they are always blurred. PLEASE HELP. the events i usually shoot at are football, gymnastics, soccer, etc. thanks again.

  12. marie says:

    I’m going to try the slow shutter speed+flash at a party tonight. I really don’t like flash pictures, but this tip may change my mind. Thank you!

  13. Sharon says:

    Excellent tips David. Thanks a heap.

  14. Anurag says:

    Welcome back David, is great to read these “secrets”- i particularly like the flash with slower shutter speed.

  15. Lucile says:

    This tip is just what I needed. Our camera club has a motion photography assignment for next month & I was wondering how I was going to get this done. Thanks a lot.

  16. thnx a lot Peterson. u such a great inspiration. Great tips and keep it up.

    My View: No Light no photography, No Eyes no photography, Yes to light yes to photography. Peterson is good. Thnx mn god bles U.

    Regards

    Mr. V. Peter

  17. Adrine says:

    Great tips

  18. Michelle says:

    Such a great, clear instruction. I learnt about this in a photography class, but never really ‘got’ it. This tip inspires me to try again. Thanks.

  19. Hala says:

    I am a mother of three little kids, my 4 months is sitting on my lap while reading your tips! I am so great full for the tips you email me, I don’t get the chance to practice and take classes in something i like to do as photography, but I must say that I learned a lot from you! keep it up:)

  20. rick says:

    great tips–this guy is good

  21. Ryusei says:

    It nice to know more photographing idea.
    Thank to one of your tip, i got one v nice shot.

    abt the flash, it v hard to control when shooting at ppl.
    cos sometime i blind them.
    hope can learn some tip when shooting at ppl
    currently trying to learning lighting

    thank & Best Reg
    50mm/1.8F user

  22. Ferdinand Bronkhorst says:

    David,

    I must say I am glad you back. I love the tips you give a person and it does help a lot!

    Don’t ever forget the appreciation me and a lot others have for all your effort.

    With Gratitude
    Ferdi

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